Tips on Formatting a Book Interior

Formatting the interior of your book can be tricky– and if you don’t do it well, it can give you away as a novice. If you’re going to do it yourself, here are a few formatting tips for your book:

book formatting templates


  • Set your margins wide–around .75″ to 1.0″ (depending on the trim size of your book). Most self-published authors make margins too narrow because they can save money on paper and printing–but that’s false economy.
  • Experiment with line spacing at something a little larger than single-spacing. Try 1.2 spacing. Then eyeball the results. Too dense? Too airy? Adjust as necessary.
  • Except for some novels, start each chapter on a right-hand page. That means left-hand pages are sometimes blank.
  • Start the first line of a new chapter about a third of the way down the page.
  • Consider starting the first line of text in a chapter with a dropcap (see example in the right-hand book above). Whether you go that route depends on what the rest of your chapter opener looks like.
  • Position your subheads on the line directly above the text block they introduce. And set them off with a linespace above to separate them from the previous text block. They should never float equidistant between the previous and the subsequent text blocks.
  • If a subhead requires two lines, try to break the first line so that it is shorter than the second line. This creates the illusion that the second line is a foundation for the first line.
  • For most pages, create a header (usually consisting of the author’s name on the left-hand page and the name of the book or chapter on the right-hand page) and a footer (usually consisting of a page number).
  • Remove the header and footer on the first page of every chapter.
  • Remove the header and footer text on all blank pages. Blank pages should be entirely blank.
  • Remove the header or footer text in the front matter (title page, copyright page, dedication, table of contents, etc) and back matter (acknowledgments, about the author). Not sure? Check some traditionally published books on your shelf.
  • Never allow a widow (one or two words) or orphan (a single line of text) to appear alone on a page. Cut or add text to fix this problem.
  • Make sure your title page appears on a right-hand page. Generally, the copyright page appears on the following left-hand page.

If all that makes your head ache, you might want to consider using a preformatted book template. All these details are baked into these templates, and all you do is cut and paste your manuscript into the right sections.

Basic templates are free on the Createspace site (log in to your account, click on Interior in the left-hand navigation bar). If you want something a bit spiffier, take a look at the templates available through At $59, they can save you a lot of trial-and-error.



What Makes a Good Book Cover?



That’s a question I wrestled with as I walked the aisles of BookExpo 2016. A great cover can be the secret sauce that gives a book the oomph it needs to get discovered. But how do you get there?

I never recommend authors create their own covers. Never. Your book must look as professional and polished as those created by pros—so hire a book designer. It’s worth the effort. If you’re strapped for cash, try a crowdsourcing service such as 99Designs. There are plenty of talented designers looking for work.

And once you’ve settled on a designer, learn to speak her language. In my experience, you can talk to a designer all day, but unless you show her samples of what you like, she will seem deaf as a post. Designers are right-brain people: they understand images. So go onto Amazon and find some covers you like. Use an app such as Grab to take a digital picture of your favorites, and prepare a creative brief for your designer, explaining what you like about each cover.


Here are some things you might discuss:

  1. The Mothers - A Novel, by Brit Bennett


    Show your designer the color palettes you like. Note: I didn’t say “colors”; I said “color palettes.” You want to choose a palette with several colors that go together and that capture the mood of your book. You’ve written a thriller? Maybe dark colors. A business book? Maybe jewel tones. Stay away from white covers, which look terrific in a busy bookstore, but which disappear into the background on the Amazon page.

  1. Decide whether you want the dominant element on your cover to be type (common for business books) or images (photos or graphics). Even when creating a cover that’s primarily type, look for small spot images or graphics you can use to suggest something about the content of your book.
  1. Often, an image that captures your book is hard to find. Check what your competitors have done. Then peruse Istockphoto or another stock house to see what’s possible. For a fee, your designer will do a photosearch for you, and frequently she will come up with a better idea than yours. She also knows how to manipulate photos, which can produce powerful and unique covers.
  1. Find fonts you love and show them to your designer—but let her choose the fonts to use. Poor font choice is the most common error I see on self-published books.
  1. First Snow book


    Make your title big—because it’s going to appear postage-stamp size on the Amazon page, your primary selling location. Check to make sure it’s still readable in that small size.

  1. Pay attention to the back cover, too. It should have a short descriptive paragraph about your book, a bio and your (professionally produced) photo. People want to see who wrote this book. Also, a barcode is necessary, and your publishing imprint with city, state, and website are helpful.
  1. If you have testimonials, add a few at the top of the back cover. If you have a great one from a crackerjack reviewer, put that one at the top of your front cover. All the rest can go in the very first page of the book.










Print book, ebook, or both?


I help writers publish books in both print and ebook formats. But I’ll admit: I have a strong preference for print.

That’s because I find it easier to read print books than ebooks–despite all the fuss about resizable text. I read mostly at night, and that iPad screen does indeed disrupt my sleep rhythms.

There’s something about a well-crafted interior that adds pleasure to my reading, too. (I just checked out from the library a large-type version of Geraldine Brook’s Pulitzer-prize-winning book March and found the huge, clunky print horrifying against such a beautifully written story.)

And as it turns out, a new scientific study backs up my preference. A summary of that study on reports that recall is better among people who read print vs. ebooks.

“The brain reads by constructing a mental representation of the text based on the placement of the page in the book and the word on the page. [And] the tactile experience of a book aids this process, from the thickness of the pages in your hands as you progress through the story to the placement of a word on the page.”

So do I buy ebooks, too. Yes. Plenty. Here’s why:

  • Ebooks cost less, so I can sample more.
  • Ebooks allow me to search content–great for nonfiction titles.
  • I can easily add audio and have the book in my ear when I’m doing other things.

This may be why 98% of the writers with whom I work end up publishing in both print and ebook formats.

How to Publish a Book With Color Interior


When I work with writers, I often hear that they want to produce a book with a color interior (such as a children’s book, a cookbook or a photography book). In these cases, I often recommend an ultra-short run printer over a print-on-demand vendor (such as CreateSpace or Ingram Spark) to produce the book.

This often puzzles people. On first glance, it makes no sense to incur the upfront costs of printing, say, 50 copies of your book when you can upload your manuscript free to CreateSpace and, poof, it appears for sale on Amazon, right?

What people don’t understand (and what is often hidden from them by print-on-demand vendors until the last minute) is that the per-copy cost of producing a color book by a print-on-demand vendor is generally higher than the per-copy cost of producing, say, 50 books by a short-run printer.

And why do you care about the per-copy cost of your print-on-demand book, since your readers will be incurring that cost?

The reason is that print-on-demand vendors require that you set your book’s price above a certain minimum, based on the book’s production costs. They do that to make sure that for every book sold by you and produced by them, they get their cut. Whatever’s left comes to you. What sometimes happens when you start to get fancy with color is that the print-on-demand vendor’s minimum price becomes so high that your book is unlikely to sell at all.

So how do you get a book produced by an ultra-short run printer up for sale on Amazon? You consign it to Amazon through the Amazon Advantage program. That’s what the vendors of all those non-book items are doing. Once you complete the online “paperwork” your book is posted for sale just like any other book on the Amazon site.

P.S. Yes, you do have to store 45 copies in your garage. But if your book sells, Amazon will order more. And many writers send out a good chunk of those first copies to family, friends and reviewers, or sell them during speaking engagements.

BookExpo 2015 Connects Writers with Publishing Services

Photo by Rod Searcey

Book Expo America, the big New York show for publishers, featured several new resources for self-published writers. Here’s a roundup:

BookWorks founder Betty Sargent and BookDesigner founder Joel Friedlander have teamed up to publish The Self Publisher’s Ultimate Resource Guide. The new book contains over 800 curated resources, including editors, designers, and book marketing experts by name. BookWorks also offers an online database of vetted publishing professionals, as do Bibliocrunch and Reedsy.

Publishers Weekly now offers “first reads” and “evaluations” of your manuscript by professionals in the book business. Through its Booklife site for self-published authors, PW experts will provide feedback on a treatment plus the opening 1,500 words of your manuscript for $79; or the entire manuscript for under $600.

TextCafe is one of several new companies making it easier to create samples of your book to tweet, post or email to potential readers. You control the percentage of your ebook you want to reveal and which online bookstores to show your readers. Your sample goes out with front cover intact. TextCafe is offering a free 21-day trial. Litlette is offering similar sampling services through Facebook.

BookBub, the company that offers new titles to readers at discounted prices, provided a glimpse at their own reader demographics during the Expo. Turns out they are strongest at reaching older women “empty-nesters”who are heavy readers of genre fiction (romance, mystery, thrillers, fantasy). Fifty-nine percent of their readers read over 4 books per month. You must be accepted into the BookBub program and you must pay for the promotion, but once accepted, you have a better chance of reaching the readers you want.

SelfPubBookCovers featured at BookExpo a sampling of their large collection of inexpensive pre-made book covers. Such covers (which start at $69) are becoming a bigger part of the picture for authors on a budget, especially those writing genre fiction. Once a cover is sold, it is never sold again.

Vellum offers a variety of templates to make your book interior look as though it has been professionally designed. As costs start at $29 per template, that makes Vellum’s templates less expensive than TheBookDesigner’s.

Best Fonts for Book Covers

Pentecost, by Joanna Penn uses League Gothic font

Pentecost, by Joanna Penn uses League Gothic font

I’m working with an author on a book cover for a nonfiction book with strong commercial potential.

Since the cover is among the top 3 reasons why readers buy a book, we’re working closely with our designer to choose the exact right fonts for the cover.

In doing research, I came across an excellent article by Joel Friedlander, the Book Designer, on the 5 best fonts for book covers. His picks:
5 best cover fonts
I tend to prefer chunkier fonts because they read better when reduced to the postage-stamp size image displayed on Amazon pages. But that Trajan, which is used for many movie posters, is an excellent choice when you’re going for a more elegant look.

You can’t go wrong with any of these choices. But if you want more, check out the huge collection of commercially available fonts on MyFonts or the free fonts available on Font Squirrel.